Lab : Plot No. 56, Survey No. 238/2, Bhagyalakshmi Colony
Jeedimetla, Hyderabad-54.
Green House: Sy. No. 394/B, 399, Devaryamjal (Vill,),
Shameerpet (Mdl,), R.R. Dist.
Contact : 040-20000650, Cell: 09502355554, 09502455554.

Email: info@vitroplant.in

 
 
 
 

 

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VITRO PLANT PRODUCTS:

BANANA
 

 

Climate:
Banana is basically a tropical crop, grows well in temperature
range of 13 0c - 38 0c with RH regime of 75-85%, Chilling injury occurs at temperatures below 120c. The normal growth of the banana begins at 18 0c, reaches optimum at 27 0c, then declines and comes to a halt at 38 0c. Higher temperature causes sun scorching. High velocity wind which ex eeds 80 km phrs damages the crop.



Soil:
Soil for banana should have good drainage, adequate fertility and moisture. Deep, rich loamy soil with pH between 6-7.5 is most preferred for banana cultivation.

Avoided soil of low laying areas, very sandy & heavy black cotton with ill drainage. A soil that is not too acidic & not too alkaline, rich in organic material with high nitrogen content, adequate phosphorus level and plenty of potash are good for banana.



Viriety:
There are more varieties in Banabigger in size. Fruit na crop like Dwarf
Cavendish, Robusta and Grande naine. etc........


Grandnaine is gaining popularity and may soon be the most preferred variety
due to its tolerance to biotic stresses and good quality bunches.

Bunches have well spaced hands with straight orientation of figures, bigger in size.

Fruit develops sttractivr uniform yellow colour with better self life & quality than other cultivars.


Yield:
The palnted crop gets ready for harvest within 11-12 months of planting. first ratoon crop would be ready by 8-10 month from the hervesting of the main crop and second ratoon by 8- 9 months after the second crop.

Thus over a period to 28-30 months, it is possible to harvest three crops.

i.e. one main crop and two ratoon crops. Under drip irrigation combined with Fertigation yield of Banana as high as 100 T/ha can be obtained with the help of tissue culture technique, even similar yeield in the ratoon crops can be achieved if the crops is managed well.
 

 

Water Management:
Banana, a water loving plant, requires a large quantity of water for maximum productivity. But Banana roots are poor withdrawal of water. Therefore under Indian condition banana production should be supported by an efficient irrigation system like drip irrigation.

Water requirement of banana has been worked out to be 2000mm per Annum. Application of drip irrigation and mulching technology has reported improved water use efficiency. There is saving of 56% of water and increasing yield by 23-32% under drip.

Irrigate the plants immediately after planting. Apply sufficient water and maintain field capacity. Excess irrigation will lead to root zone congestion due to removal of air from soil pores, thereby affecting plant establishment and growth. And hence drip method is must for proper water management in Banana
 

 

Month (Maug Baug)

Qty. (lpd.) Month (Kande baug) Qty. (lpd.)
June 06 October 04-06
July 05 November 04
August 06 December 04
September 08 January 06
October 10-12 February 08-10
November 10 March 10-12
December 10 April 16-18
January 10 May 18-20
February 12 June 12
March 16-18 July 12
April 20-22 August 14
May 25-30 September 14-16
   
 

Fertigation:
Banana requires high amount of nutrients, which are often supplied only in part by the soil. Nutrient requirement has been worked out on all India basis is to be 20 kg FYM, 200gm N; 60-70gm P; 300gm K/plant. Banana requires heavy nutrition. Banana crop requires 7-8 Kg N, 0.7- 1.5 Kg P and 17-20 Kg K per metric tonne yield. Banana responds well to application of nutrients. Traditionally farmers use more of urea and less of phosphorous and potash.

In order to avoid loss of nutrients from conventional fertilizers i.e. loss of N through leaching, volatilization, evaporation and loss of P and K by fixation in the soil, application of water soluble or liquid fertilizers through drip irrigation (fertigation) is encouraged. A 25-30% increase in yield is observed using fertigation. Moreover, it saves labour and time and the distribution of nutrients is uniform.

Schedule of Application:
The fertilizer schedule for tissue culture banana variety Grand Naine both in solid and water soluble form is given in the tables below:

Solid fertilizer schedule for Grand Naine Banana:

 
Total nutrient requirement
N - 200 gm/plant P - 60-70 gm/plant K - 300 gm/plant
Total quantity of fertilizer required per acre (Spacing 1.8 x 1.5 m; 1452 plants)
Urea (N) SSP (P) MOP (K)
431.0 375.0 500 gm/plant
625.0 545.0 726 kg/acre
   
 
Period Application Source Quantity (gm / plant)
At the time of Planting S.S.P. 100
M.O.P. 50
10th Day after planting Urea 25
30th Day after planting Urea 25
S.S.P. 100
M.O.P. 50
Micronutrient 25
MgSO4 25
Sulphur 10
60th Day after planting Urea 50
S.S.P. 100
M.O.P. 50
90th Day after planting Urea 65
S.S.P. 100
M.O.P. 50
Micronutrient 25
Sulphur 30
MgSO4 25
120th Day after planting Urea 65
M.O.P. 100
150th Day after planting Urea 65
M.O.P. 100
180th Day after planting Urea 30
M.O.P. 60
210th Day after planting Urea 30
M.O.P. 60
240th Day after planting Urea 30
M.O.P. 60
270th Day after planting Urea 30
M.O.P. 60
300th Day after planting Urea 30
M.O.P. 60
  Schedule is directive only and may change according to planting season and soil fertility status (Soil analysis)

SSP = Single Super Phosphate, MOP = Muriate of Potash.
 
 

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